Urban population density and mortality in a compact Dutch city: 23-year follow-up of the Dutch GLOBE study

Mariëlle A Beenackers, Joost Oude Groeniger, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank J Van Lenthe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

We investigated the association and underlying pathways between urban population density and mortality in a compact mid-sized university city in the Netherlands. Baseline data from the GLOBE cohort study (N = 10,120 residents of Eindhoven) were linked to mortality after 23 years of follow up and analyzed in multilevel models. Higher population density was modestly related to increased mortality, independently of baseline socioeconomic position and health. Higher population density was related to more active transport, more perceived urban stress and smoking. Increased active transport suppressed the mortality-increasing impact of higher population density. Overall, in dense cities with good infrastructure for walking and cycling, high population density may negatively impact mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalHealth & Place
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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