Use of Polypropylene Strips for Reinforcement of the Cruroplasty in Laparoscopic Paraesophageal Hernia Repair: A Retrospective Cohort Study

L. Matthijs Van Den Dop*, Gijs H.J. De Smet, Aziz Mamound, Johan Lange, Bas P.L. Wijnhoven, Willem Hueting

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair is an effective treatment for symptomatic paraesophageal hernias. To reduce recurrence rates, the use of prosthetics for the crural repair has been suggested. Mesh-related complications are rare but known to be disastrous. To address another form of crural repair, polypropylene strips are suggested. This study aimed to assess peri-and postoperative complications of reinforcement of cruroplasty with polypropylene strips. Methods: From 2013 to 2020, patients with a primary or recurrent type 2, 3, or 4 paraesophageal hernia that underwent cruroplasty with polypropylene strips were retrospectively reviewed. Intra-and postoperative complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. The incidence of symptomatic recurrent hiatal hernia (CT or endoscopy proven) and hospital stay were assessed. Results: One hundred fifty-eight patients were included. Mean age was 65 years (standard deviation 10.4), and 119 patients were female (75.3%). Almost 50% of surgeries took place between 2018 and 2020. Median follow-up was 7 months (interquartile range 17.5). Mean operation time in the primary hernia group was 159 min (standard deviation 39.0), and length of stay was 4.4 days. In 3/158 patients (2.0%), intraoperative complications occurred. Two patients developed a grade 4 and seven patients a grade 3 postoperative complication. No mortality was recorded. Twelve recurrences (8.2%) were detected in the primary hernia group and one (9.1%) in the recurrent hernia group. Conclusion: There were no mesh-related complications seen and symptomatic recurrence rate was low, but longer follow-up is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-299
Number of pages10
JournalDigestive Surgery
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

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