Using Artificial Intelligence for Optimization of the Processes and Resource Utilization in Radiotherapy

Revathy Krishnamurthy, Naveen Mummudi*, Jayant Sastri Goda, Supriya Chopra, Ben Heijmen, Jamema Swamidas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


The radiotherapy (RT) process from planning to treatment delivery is a multistep, complex operation involving numerous levels of human-machine interaction and requiring high precision. These steps are labor-intensive and time-consuming and require meticulous coordination between professionals with diverse expertise. We reviewed and summarized the current status and prospects of artificial intelligence and machine learning relevant to the various steps in RT treatment planning and delivery workflow specifically in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We also searched the PubMed database using the search terms (Artificial Intelligence OR Machine Learning OR Deep Learning OR Automation OR knowledge-based planning AND Radiotherapy) AND (list of Low- and Middle-Income Countries as defined by the World Bank at the time of writing this review). The search yielded a total of 90 results, of which results with first authors from the LMICs were chosen. The reference lists of retrieved articles were also reviewed to search for more studies. No language restrictions were imposed. A total of 20 research items with unique study objectives conducted with the aim of enhancing RT processes were examined in detail. Artificial intelligence and machine learning can improve the overall efficiency of RT processes by reducing human intervention, aiding decision making, and efficiently executing lengthy, repetitive tasks. This improvement could permit the radiation oncologist to redistribute resources and focus on responsibilities such as patient counseling, education, and research, especially in resource-constrained LMICs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e2100393
JournalJCO Global Oncology
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2022


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