Objectives: To validate novel dedicated 3D-QCA based on the software to calculate post PCI vessel-FFR (vFFR) in a consecutive series of patients, to assess the diagnostic accuracy, and to assess inter-observer variability. Background: Low post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) fractional flow reserve (FFR) predicts future adverse cardiac events. However, FFR assessment requires the insertion of a pressure wire in combination with the use of a hyperemic agent. Methods: FAST POST study is an observational, retrospective, single-center cohort study. One hundred patients presenting with stable angina or non ST-elevation myocardial infarction, who underwent post PCI FFR assessment using a dedicated microcatheter were included. Two orthogonal angiographic projections were acquired to create a 3D reconstruction of the coronary artery using the CAAS workstation 8.0. vFFR was subsequently calculated using the aortic root pressure. Results: Mean age was 65±12 years and 70% were male. Mean microcatheter based FFR and vFFR were 0.91±0.07 and 0.91±0.06, respectively. A good linear correlation was found between FFR and vFFR (r = 0.88; p <.001). vFFR had a higher accuracy in the identification of patients with FFR values <0.90, AUC 0.98 (95% CI: 0.96-1.00) as compared with 3D-QCA AUC 0.62 (95% CI: 0.94-0.74). Assessment of vFFR had a low inter-observer variability (r = 0.95; p <.001). Conclusion: 3D-QCA derived post PCI vFFR correlates well with invasively measured microcatheter based FFR and has a high diagnostic accuracy to detect FFR <0.90 with low inter-observer variability.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.