Vascular risk factors, apolipoprotein E, and hippocampal decline on magnetic resonance imaging over a 10-year follow-up

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Background: Decline of hippocampal volume on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be considered as a surrogate biomarker of accumulating Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology. Previously, we showed in the prospective population-based Rotterdam Scan Study that a higher rate of decline of hippocampal volume on MRI precedes clinical AD or memory decline. We studied potential risk factors for decline of hippocampal volume. Methods: At baseline (1995-1996), 518 nondemented elderly subjects were included, and the cohort was re-examined in 1999 and in 2006. At each examination, hippocampal volume was determined using an automated segmentation procedure. In all, 301 persons had at least two three-dimensional MRI scans to assess decline in hippocampal volume. Results: Persons carrying the apolipoprotein E(APOE)epsilon 4 allele had lower hippocampal volumes than persons with the epsilon 3/epsilon 3 genotype, but the rate of decline was not influenced by APOE genotype. In persons who did not use antihypertensive treatment, both a high (>90 mm Hg) and a low (<70 mm Hg) diastolic blood pressure were associated with a faster decline in hippocampal volume. Also, white matter lesions on baseline MRI were associated with a higher rate of decline in hippocamp Conclusions: In a nondemented elderly population, persons with the APOE epsilon 4 allele have a smaller hippocampal volume but not a higher rate of decline. Rate of decline of hippocampal volume was influenced by white matter lesions and diastolic blood pressure, supporting their hypothesized role in the pathogenesis of AD. (C) 2012 The Alzheimer's Association. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalAlzheimers & Dementia
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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