Vascular Tissue Reaction to Acute Malapposition in Human Coronary Arteries Sequential Assessment With Optical Coherence Tomography

JL Gutierrez-Chico, Joanna Wykrzykowska, E Nuesch, Robert Jan van Geuns, KT Koch, JJ Koolen, C (Carlo) di Mario, S Windecker, Gerrit-anne Es, P Gobbens, P Juni, Evelyn Regar, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys

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Background-The vascular tissue reaction to acute incomplete stent apposition (ISA) is not well known. The aim of this study was to characterize the vascular response to acute ISA in vivo and to look for predictors of incomplete healing. Methods and Results-Optical coherence tomography studies of 66 stents of different designs, implanted in 43 patients enrolled in 3 randomized trials, were analyzed sequentially after implantation and at 6 to 13 months. Seventy-eight segments with acute ISA were identified in 36 of the patients and matched with the follow-up study by use of fiduciary landmarks. The morphological pattern of healing in the ISA segments was categorized as homogeneous, layered, crenellated, bridged, partially bridged Conclusions-Neointimal healing tends to reduce ISA, with the malapposed stent struts often integrated completely into the vessel wall, resulting in characteristic morphological patterns. Coverage of ISA segments is delayed with respect to well-apposed segments. The larger the acute ISA, the greater the likelihood of persistent malapposition at follow-up and delayed healing.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)20-U81
JournalCirculation-cardiovascular interventions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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