Ventricular function and biomarkers in relation to repair and pulmonary valve replacement for tetralogy of Fallot

Jelle P.G. Van Der Ven, Marie Günthel, Eva Van Den Bosch, Vivian P. Kamphuis, Nicolaas A. Blom, Johannes Breur, Rolf M.F. Berger, Ad J.J.C. Bogers, Laurens Koopman, Arend D.J. Ten Harkel, Vincent Christoffels, Willem A. Helbing*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective Cardiac surgery may cause temporarily impaired ventricular performance and myocardial injury. We aim to characterise the response to perioperative injury for patients undergoing repair or pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) for tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). Methods We enrolled children undergoing ToF repair or PVR from four tertiary centres in a prospective observational study. Assessment - including blood sampling and speckle tracking echocardiography - occurred before surgery (T1), at the first follow-up (T2) and 1 year after the procedures (T3). Ninety-two serum biomarkers were expressed as principal components to reduce multiple statistical testing. RNA Sequencing was performed on right ventricular (RV) outflow tract samples. Results We included 45 patients with ToF repair aged 4.3 (3.4 - 6.5) months and 16 patients with PVR aged 10.4 (7.8 - 12.7) years. Ventricular function following ToF repair showed a fall-and-rise pattern for left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) (-18±4 to -13±4 to -20±2, p < 0.001 for each comparison) and RV GLS (-19±5 to -14±4 to 20±4, p < 0.002 for each comparison). This pattern was not seen for patients undergoing PVR. Serum biomarkers were expressed as three principal components. These phenotypes are related to: (1) surgery type, (2) uncorrected ToF and (3) early postoperative status. Principal component 3 scores were increased at T2. This increase was higher for ToF repair than PVR. The transcriptomes of RV outflow tract tissue are related to patients' sex, rather than ToF-related phenotypes in a subset of the study population. Conclusions The response to perioperative injury following ToF repair and PVR is characterised by specific functional and immunological responses. However, we did not identify factors relating to (dis)advantageous recovery from perioperative injury. Trial registration number Netherlands Trial Register: NL5129.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002238
JournalOpen Heart
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
JPGvdV, VPK and EvdB were supported by a research grant from the Dutch Heart Foundation (grant 2013T091 to WAH and VC).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Author(s). Published by BMJ.

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