WDR73 Mutations Cause Infantile Neurodegeneration and Variable Glomerular Kidney Disease

J Vodopiutz, R Seidl, D Prayer, MI Khan, JA Mayr, B Streubel, JO Steiss, A Hahn, D Csaicsich, C Castro, M Assoum, T (Thomas) Muller, D Wieczorek, Grazia Verheijen - Mancini, CE Sadowski, N Levy, A Megarbane, K Godbole, D Schanze, F HildebrandtV Delague, AR Janecke, M Zenker

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Infantile-onset cerebellar atrophy (CA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous trait. Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by microcephaly with brain anomalies including CA in some cases, intellectual disability, and early-infantile-onset nephrotic syndrome. Very recently, WDR73 deficiency was identified as the cause of GMS in five individuals. To evaluate the role of WDR73 mutations as a cause of GMS and other forms of syndromic CA, we performed Sanger or exome sequencing in 51 unrelated patients with CA and variable brain anomalies and in 40 unrelated patients with a diagnosis of GMS. We identified 10 patients from three CA and from two GMS families with WDR73 mutations including the original family described with CA, mental retardation, optic atrophy, and skin abnormalities (CAMOS). There were five novel mutations, of which two were truncating and three were missense mutations affecting highly conserved residues. Individuals carrying homozygous WDR73 mutations mainly presented with a pattern of neurological and neuroimaging findings as well as intellectual disability, while kidney involvement was variable. We document postnatal onset of CA, a retinopathy, basal ganglia degeneration, and short stature as novel features of WDR73-related disease, and define WDR73-related disease as a new entity of infantile neurodegeneration.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1021-1028
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Mutation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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