X chromosome inactivation in the cycle of life

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Female mammalian cells silence one of their two X chromosomes, resulting in equal expression levels of X-encoded genes in female XX and male XY cells. In mice, the X chromosomes in female cells go through sequential steps of inactivation and reactivation. Depending on the developmental time window, imprinted or random X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is initiated, and both processes lead to an inactive X chromosome that is clonally inherited. Here, we review new insights into the life cycle of XCI and provide an overview of the mechanisms regulating X inactivation and reactivation.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2085-2089
Number of pages5
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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